Balanced Chemical Equation – Solution
NaHCO3 + HCl → NaCl + H2O + CO2
The coefficients show the number of particles (atoms or molecules), and the indices show the number of atoms that make up the molecule. New substances are formed as a result of the rearrangement of the original atoms. As a result of a chemical reaction, atoms of chemical elements do not disappear anywhere and new ones do not appear, their number remains unchanged – this follows from the law of conservation of mass of substances.
Chemical Reaction Information
This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): NaHCO3 is a base, HCl is an acid.
Nahcolite + Hydrogen Chloride = Sodium Chloride + Water + Carbon Dioxide
This is a gas evolution reaction, CO2 is the formed gas.
Substances that react are called starting materials or reactants. The substances that form as a result are called reaction products.
NaHCO3 – Sodium hydrogen carbonate
- Other names: Sodium bicarbonate.
- Appearance: White crystals.
HCl – Chlorane
- Other names: Hydrochloric acid.
- Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated.
NaCl – Sodium chloride
H2O – Water, oxidane
- Other names: Water (H2O), Hydrogen oxide, Hydrogen hydroxide.
- Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas.
- Names: Carbon dioxide.
- Appearance: Colorless gas.
|HCl + Na2CO3 + NaHCO3 → H2O + CO2 + NaCl|
|HCl + NaHCO3 → NaCl + H2CO3|
|HCl + Ca(OH)2 + NaHCO3 → H2O + NaOH + NaCl + CaCO3|
|HCl + NaHCO3 → H2O + CO2 + NaCl|