NaHCO3 + HCl = NaCl + H2O + CO2

Balanced Chemical Equation – Solution

NaHCO3 + HCl → NaCl + H2O + CO2

The coefficients show the number of particles (atoms or molecules), and the indices show the number of atoms that make up the molecule. New substances are formed as a result of the rearrangement of the original atoms. As a result of a chemical reaction, atoms of chemical elements do not disappear anywhere and new ones do not appear, their number remains unchanged – this follows from the law of conservation of mass of substances.

Chemical Reaction Information

This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): NaHCO3 is a base, HCl is an acid.

Nahcolite + Hydrogen Chloride = Sodium Chloride + Water + Carbon Dioxide

This is a gas evolution reaction, CO2 is the formed gas.

Reaction Type

Substances that react are called starting materials or reactants. The substances that form as a result are called reaction products.


NaHCO3 – Sodium hydrogen carbonate

  • Other names: Sodium bicarbonate.
  • Appearance: White crystals.

HCl – Chlorane

  • Other names: Hydrochloric acid.
  • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated.


NaCl – Sodium chloride

H2O – Water, oxidane

  • Other names: Water (H2O), Hydrogen oxide, Hydrogen hydroxide.
  • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas.


  • Names: Carbon dioxide.
  • Appearance: Colorless gas.
Similar Examples of Equalizing a Chemical Reaction
HCl + Na2CO3 + NaHCO3 → H2O + CO2 + NaCl
HCl + NaHCO3 → NaCl + H2CO3
HCl + Ca(OH)2 + NaHCO3 → H2O + NaOH + NaCl + CaCO3
HCl + NaHCO3 → H2O + CO2 + NaCl

Alexander Stephenson

Candidate of Chemical Sciences, editor-in-chief of Lecturer at several international online schools, member of the jury of chemistry competitions and author of scientific articles.

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