Balanced Chemical Equation – Solution
Ca(OH)2 + 2HNO3 → Ca(NO3)2 + 2H2O
The coefficients show the number of particles (atoms or molecules), and the indices show the number of atoms that make up the molecule. New substances are formed as a result of the rearrangement of the original atoms. As a result of a chemical reaction, atoms of chemical elements do not disappear anywhere and new ones do not appear, their number remains unchanged – this follows from the law of conservation of mass of substances.
Chemical Reaction Information
This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): Ca(OH)2 is a base, HNO3 is an acid.
Portlandite + Nitric Acid = Calcium Nitrate + Water
Double Displacement (Metathesis)
Substances that react are called starting materials or reactants. The substances that form as a result are called reaction products.
Ca(OH)2 – Calcium hydroxide
HNO3 – Nitric acid
- Other names: Aqua fortis.
- Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid.
- Names: Calcium nitrate.
- Appearance: Colorless solid | hygroscopic.
H2O – Water, oxidane
- Other names: Water (H2O), Hydrogen oxide, Hydrogen hydroxide.
- Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas.
|HNO3 + Ca(OH)2 → Ca(NO3)2 + HOH|
|HNO3 + Ca(OH)2 → H2O + Ca(NO3)2|